The winding route from the former Antonia Fortress to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — a distance of about 600 metres (2,000 feet) — is a celebrated place of Christian pilgrimage. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions.
Biblical references The episode is mentioned in all the canonical Gospels: Matthew 27:31–33, Mark 15:20–22, Luke 23:26–32 and John 19:16–18. Only John specifically says Jesus carried his cross , and all but John include Simon of Cyrene, who was recruited by the soldiers from the crowd to carry or help carry the cross .
Jesus walked 3,125 miles during his ministry. Over his lifetime, a conservative estimate of the number of miles he walked was likely around 21,525 miles, almost the equivalent of walking around the entire world.
Death, usually after 6 hours–4 days, was due to multifactorial pathology: after-effects of compulsory scourging and maiming, haemorrhage and dehydration causing hypovolaemic shock and pain, but the most important factor was progressive asphyxia caused by impairment of respiratory movement.
According to the story, it was the dogwood tree that provided the wood used to build the cross on which Jesus was crucified. Because of its role in the crucifixion, it is said that God both cursed and blessed the tree.
The route has been established by tradition rather than archaeological evidence. The final stations of the crucifixion and burial are within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The route is in the Old City of Jerusalem. The Via Dolorosa, which means “way of sorrows,” is about a half-mile long , or just under 1 kilometer.
Simon of Cyrene /saɪˈriːni/ (Hebrew: שמעון “Hearkening; listening”, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon , Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn ; Greek: Σίμων Κυρηναῖος , Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.
According to pious legend, St. Bernard asked Jesus which was His greatest unrecorded suffering and the wound that inflicted the most pain on Him in Calvary and Jesus answered: “I had on My Shoulder, while I bore My Cross on the Way of Sorrows, a grievous Wound which was more painful than the others and which is not
Jewish tradition forbade burial within the walls of a city, and the Gospels specify that Jesus was buried outside of Jerusalem, near the site of his crucifixion on Golgotha (“the place of skulls”).
After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to the apostles and asked them for something to eat , to prove that he was alive bodily and not just a vision. They gave him a piece of broiled fish and he ate it. (Luke 24:42-43).
The New Testament narrative of the life of Jesus refers to a number of locations in the Holy Land and a Flight into Egypt. In these accounts the principal locations for the ministry of Jesus were Galilee and Judea, with activities also taking place in surrounding areas such as Perea and Samaria.
Sections of the trail The geography and distances involved naturally allow the Jesus Trail to be walked as a series of day-hikes for a total of four days, with each day’s hike being between 13 and 19 km (8 to 12 mi) in length.
There is an ancient record of one person who survived a crucifixion that was intended to be lethal, but that was interrupted. Josephus gives no details of the method or duration of the crucifixion of his three friends before their reprieve.
Breathing actually kills you because you cannot get air out of your chest.” When the Romans finally wanted their crucified victims to die, they broke the prisoner’s legs so they could no longer push themselves up and all the body weight would be hanging by the arms.
In Luke: “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do” “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise (in response to one of the two thieves crucified next to him) “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit” (last words)