Death, usually after 6 hours–4 days, was due to multifactorial pathology: after-effects of compulsory scourging and maiming, haemorrhage and dehydration causing hypovolaemic shock and pain, but the most important factor was progressive asphyxia caused by impairment of respiratory movement.
In the synoptic narrative, while Jesus is hanging on the cross, the sky over Judea (or the whole world) is “darkened for three hours ,” from the sixth to the ninth hour (noon to mid-afternoon). There is no reference to darkness in the Gospel of John account, in which the crucifixion does not take place until after noon.
Jesus agonized on the cross for six hours . During his last three hours on the cross, from noon to 3 pm, darkness fell over the whole land. Jesus spoke from the cross, quoting the messianic Psalm 22: “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
After being baptized by John the Baptist, Jesus was tempted by the devil for 40 days and nights in the Judaean Desert. During this time, Satan came to Jesus and tried to tempt him. Jesus having refused each temptation, Satan then departed and Jesus returned to Galilee to begin his ministry.
Breathing actually kills you because you cannot get air out of your chest.” When the Romans finally wanted their crucified victims to die, they broke the prisoner’s legs so they could no longer push themselves up and all the body weight would be hanging by the arms.
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
According to the story, it was the dogwood tree that provided the wood used to build the cross on which Jesus was crucified. Because of its role in the crucifixion, it is said that God both cursed and blessed the tree.
Jesus died, therefore, on 14 Nisan , 3793 anno mundi—Friday, April 3, AD 33 at about 3 p.m., a few hours before the beginning of Passover day and the Sabbath.
Most scholars reckon Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33AD, so 1985-8 years ago. Seeing as we can assume Jesus was about 30 when he was baptised and began his ministry, we know he was over 30 when he was crucified.
Jesus says, “When I was thirsty , you gave me a drink.” Perhaps as he yearns for an end to his suffering, Jesus seeks to remind those who will follow him to serve, to quench the thirst of the needy, for his sake.
Jewish tradition forbade burial within the walls of a city, and the Gospels specify that Jesus was buried outside of Jerusalem, near the site of his crucifixion on Golgotha (“the place of skulls”).
Jesus had to be careful to remain near the rare water sources as He journeyed those 40 days . Having no food was hard, but without water Jesus would never survive . (The scriptures make it clear that He didn’t eat for those 40 days , but says nothing about doing without water.)
According to the New Testament, “God raised him from the dead “, he ascended to heaven, to the “right hand of God”, and will return again to fulfill the rest of Messianic prophecy such as the resurrection of the dead , the Last Judgment and establishment of the Kingdom of God.
The promise of Christianity is that all believers will someday be raised from the dead. God the Father demonstrated his power to bring the perished back to life , and these ten accounts from the Bible prove it. The most famous return, of course, is that of Jesus raised from the dead.