The number 39 would have been important to them because there was an old law stating that the maximum number of lashes a man could receive as punishment was 40 (see Deuteronomy 25:1-3).
What is the significance of 39 stripes ? Whipping a person 39 times was the standard Roman practice/tradition they inflicted on their prisoners. In 2 Corinthians 11:24, Paul speaks of receiving “forty lashes less one.” Jesus took the 39 stripes for YOU! He took the brutal scourging on His body for YOU!
Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed: lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.”
A scourge (Latin: flagrum; diminutive: flagellum) typically consists of several thongs fastened to a handle. A well known configuration of a scourge is the cat o’ nine tails. A scourge with these additions is called a scorpion. Scorpio is Latin for a Roman flagrum and is referred to in the Bible : 1 Kings 12:11: ”
Sentences of a hundred lashes would usually result in death. Whipping was used as a punishment for Russian serfs.
Most scholars reckon Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33AD, so 1985-8 years ago. Seeing as we can assume Jesus was about 30 when he was baptised and began his ministry, we know he was over 30 when he was crucified.
Jesus fell three times while carrying his cross to the place where he was crucified. The falls are marked as part of the Stations of the Cross , which many churches observe on Good Friday.
Allowing also 1.5km for some left and right turns the total might be 4km. A brisk walk would do this in 40 minutes. But the final 1km was covered after Jesus was “scourged” and carried the cross which would have slowed the pace.
An early tradition, found in a sixth or seventh century pseudepigraphal “Letter of Herod to Pilate”, claims that Longinus suffered for having pierced Jesus , and that he was condemned to a cave where every night a lion came and mauled him until dawn, after which his body healed back to normal, in a pattern that would
Jesus most likely died of a heart attack. Instead, the soldiers pierced His side (John 19:34) to assure that He was dead. In doing this, it is reported that “blood and water came out ” (John 19:34), referring to the watery fluid surrounding the heart and lungs.
Epiphanius adds Joseph became the father of James and his three brothers (Joses, Simeon, Judah) and two sisters (a Salome and a Mary or a Salome and an Anna) with James being the elder sibling. James and his siblings were not children of Mary but were Joseph’s children from a previous marriage.
Simon of Cyrene /saɪˈriːni/ (Hebrew: שמעון “Hearkening; listening”, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon , Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn ; Greek: Σίμων Κυρηναῖος , Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.
Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother , so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you. Instead, we have to trust in God. But the point is clear: as parents got older and are no longer able to provide or care for themselves, the responsibility is passed to the children.
Probably originating with the Assyrians and Babylonians, it was used systematically by the Persians in the 6th century BC. Alexander the Great brought it from there to the eastern Mediterranean countries in the 4th century BC, and the Phoenicians introduced it to Rome in the 3rd century BC.