The scribes (many of them Pharisees ) and the Pharisees are the most dangerous adversaries of Jesus in the first part of the gospel. After entering Jerusalem and the Temple, the adversaries will be the High Priest and the members of the Sanhedrin (14:10-11).
“Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees , you hypocrites! You shut the kingdom of heaven in men’s faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let those enter who are trying to. “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees , you hypocrites!
The Pharisees asserted that God could and should be worshipped even away from the Temple and outside Jerusalem. To the Pharisees , worship consisted not in bloody sacrifices—the practice of the Temple priests—but in prayer and in the study of God’s law.
Sadducee , Hebrew Tzedoq, plural Tzedoqim, member of a Jewish priestly sect that flourished for about two centuries before the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem in ad 70.
The term “ passion narrative” is used primarily to refer to the accounts given in the canonical gospels of the suffering and death of Jesus. Generally, scholars treat the passion narratives as beginning with Jesus’ agony and arrest in Gethsemane and concluding with his burial.
Pharisees and Sadducees come. to his baptism, he said unto. them, O generation of vipers , who hath warned you to flee.
Pharisees were members of a party that believed in resurrection and in following legal traditions that were ascribed not to the Bible but to “the traditions of the fathers.” Like the scribes, they were also well-known legal experts: hence the partial overlap of membership of the two groups.
The written law, in its depiction of the priesthood, corroborated the power and enforced the hegemony of the Sadducees in Judean society. According to Josephus, the Sadducees believed that: There is no fate. God does not commit evil.
Many Rabbis believe that the traditional method of burial is the correct one and that cremation is prohibited. Although there is no explicit prohibition about Judaism and cremation , there is material to support both cases.
The 613 commandments include “positive commandments”, to perform an act (mitzvot aseh), and “negative commandments”, to abstain from certain acts (mitzvot lo taaseh).
The first time Nicodemus is mentioned, he is identified as a Pharisee who comes to see Jesus “at night”. John places this meeting shortly after the Cleansing of the Temple and links it to the signs which Jesus performed in Jerusalem during the Passover feast.
They were full of greed and self-indulgence. They exhibited themselves as righteous on account of being scrupulous keepers of the law but were , in fact, not righteous: their mask of righteousness hid a secret inner world of ungodly thoughts and feelings. They were full of wickedness.
In April 70 ce , about the time of Passover, the Roman general Titus besieged Jerusalem . Since that action coincided with Passover, the Romans allowed pilgrims to enter the city but refused to let them leave—thus strategically depleting food and water supplies within Jerusalem .
The Sanhedrin (Hebrew and Jewish Palestinian Aramaic: סַנְהֶדְרִין; Greek: Συνέδριον, synedrion, “sitting together,” hence “assembly” or “council”) were assemblies of either twenty-three or seventy -one elders (known as “rabbis” after the destruction of the Second Temple), who were appointed to sit as a tribunal in