LAWTON: According to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified at a spot outside Jerusalem called Golgotha , which in Aramaic means “place of the skull.” The Latin word for skull is calvaria, and in English many Christians refer to the site of the crucifixion as Calvary .
Matthew 27 is the 27th chapter in the Gospel of Matthew , part of the New Testament in the Christian Bible. This chapter contains Matthew’s record of the day of the trial, crucifixion and burial of Jesus.
Golgotha , (Aramaic: “Skull,”) also called Calvary, (from Latin calva: “bald head,” or “skull”), skull-shaped hill in Jerusalem, the site of Jesus’ crucifixion.
Pontius Pilate , Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus , (died after 36 ce), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.
The winding route from the former Antonia Fortress to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — a distance of about 600 metres (2,000 feet) — is a celebrated place of Christian pilgrimage. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions.
In apocryphal writings, the impenitent thief is given the name Gestas , which first appears in the Gospel of Nicodemus, while his companion is called Dismas . Christian tradition holds that Gestas was on the cross to the left of Jesus and Dismas was on the cross to the right of Jesus.
Jesus’s death is the penalty or “satisfaction” for sin . Satisfaction was an idea used in the early church to describe the public actions – pilgrimage, charity – that a christian would undertake to show that he was grateful for forgiveness. Only Jesus can make satisfaction because he is without sin .
Jesus ‘ real name , Yeshua, evolved over millennia in a case of transliteration. Wikimedia CommonsThe Greek transliteration of Jesus ‘ real name , “Iēsous”, and the late Biblical Hebrew version “Yeshua”.
Simon of Cyrene /saɪˈriːni/ (Hebrew: שמעון “Hearkening; listening”, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon , Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn ; Greek: Σίμων Κυρηναῖος , Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.
There is an ancient record of one person who survived a crucifixion that was intended to be lethal, but that was interrupted. Josephus gives no details of the method or duration of the crucifixion of his three friends before their reprieve.
Most scholars reckon Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33AD, so 1985-8 years ago. Seeing as we can assume Jesus was about 30 when he was baptised and began his ministry, we know he was over 30 when he was crucified.