4 BC – AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity, the world’s largest religion.
Tradition holds that the first Gentile church was founded in Antioch, Acts 11:20–21, where it is recorded that the disciples of Jesus Christ were first called Christians (Acts 11:26). It was from Antioch that St. Paul started on his missionary journeys.
Actually, Jesus used one form of the word “rock” (petra) for the rock on which he would build his church , and another (petros) for Peter. According to George Abbott-Smith’s Greek lexicon, “petra” means “a mass of rock,” distinct from “petros” meaning “a detached stone or boulder.”
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church .” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than
Jesus Christ . Originally Answered: What is Jesus family name? Christ . His first name, or given name, is Jesus, and his last name or “family” name is Christ .
Jesus’ name in Hebrew was “ Yeshua ” which translates to English as Joshua . So how did we get the name “Jesus”?
According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church , Catholic ecclesiology professes the Catholic Church to be the “sole Church of Christ ” – i.e., the one true church defined as “one, holy, catholic , and apostolic” in the Four Marks of the Church in the Nicene Creed.
History of Christianity According to the Bible, the first church organized itself 50 days after Jesus’s death on the Day of Pentecost—when the Holy Spirit was said to descend onto Jesus’s followers. Most of the first Christians were Jewish converts, and the church was centered in Jerusalem.
Most present-day Catholics interpret Jesus as saying he was building his church on the rock of the Apostle Peter and the succession of popes which claim Apostolic succession from him.
The exact translation varies slightly depending on the version of the Bible, but it is generally translated into English as: “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
The Christian Church originated in Roman Judea in the first century AD/CE, founded on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, who first gathered disciples. Those disciples later became known as ” Christians “; according to Scripture, Jesus commanded them to spread his teachings to all the world.
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Because the Catholic Church respects their celebration of the Mass as a true sacrament, intercommunion with the Eastern Orthodox in “suitable circumstances and with Church authority” is both possible and encouraged.
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.