The Roman Christian historian Sextus Julius Africanus dated Jesus ‘ conception to March 25 (the same date upon which he held that the world was created), which, after nine months in his mother’s womb, would result in a December 25 birth .
The first official mention of December 25 as a holiday honoring Jesus ‘ birthday appears in an early Roman calendar from 336 A.D. The celebration of Christmas spread throughout the Western world over the next several centuries, but many Christians continued to view Epiphany and Easter as more important.
Chapter 1 of Matthew’s Gospel recounts Jesus’s birth and naming and the beginning of chapter 2 states that Jesus was born in Bethlehem during the time of Herod the Great. Magi from the east came to Herod and asked him where they would find the King of the Jews, because they had seen his star.
BETHLEHEM, Occupied West Bank (AP) _ New archaeological evidence indicates Jesus may have been born in late summer or early fall of the year 12 B.C., and the star that led the three wise men to Bethlehem was Halley’s comet.
The nativity accounts in the New Testament gospels of Matthew and Luke do not mention a date or time of year for the birth of Jesus . Karl Rahner states that the authors of the gospels generally focused on theological elements rather than historical chronologies.
“to give up one’s very self – to think only of others – how to bring the greatest happiness to others – that is the true meaning of Christmas .”
With the story of the birth of Christ coinciding with this date, many Christian symbols for Christ use the astrological symbol for Pisces, the fishes. The figure Christ himself bears many of the temperaments and personality traits of a Pisces, and is thus considered an archetype of the Piscean.
|Born||c. 4 BC Kingdom of Judea, Roman Empire|
|Died||AD 30 or 33 (aged 33–36) Jerusalem, Judea, Roman Empire|
|Cause of death||Crucifixion|
Since tradition holds that Jesus was born at night (based in Luke 2:6-8), Midnight Mass is celebrated on Christmas Eve , traditionally at midnight, in commemoration of his birth .
The birth of Christ may be the most famous Bible story of all, reprised annually in nativity scenes across the world each Christmas: Jesus was born in a stable , because there was no room at the inn.
The New Revised Standard Version of Matthew 2:1–12 describes the visit of the Magi in this manner: In the time of King Herod , after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, asking, “Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews ?
The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin. In Matthew and Luke she is betrothed to Joseph . According to Christian theology she conceived Jesus through the Holy Spirit while still a virgin. She accompanied Joseph to Bethlehem, where Jesus was born.
Scholars have provided estimates in the range 30–33 AD, with Rainer Riesner stating that “the fourteenth of Nisan (7 April) of the year A.D. 30 is, apparently in the opinion of the majority of contemporary scholars as well, far and away the most likely date of the crucifixion of Jesus.”
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ ( BC ) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Traditionally, English follows Latin usage by placing the “AD” abbreviation before the year number.