The Koine Greek terms used in the New Testament of the structure on which Jesus died are stauros (σταυρός) and xylon (ξύλον). Those words , which can refer to many different things, do not indicate the precise shape of the structure.
Hebrews 9:12, 26 So by saying “it is finished ” Jesus was signaling to the Jewish world that there was no more need for sacrifices or temples because that his work brought ultimate fulfillment to what their sacrificial system foreshadowed.
Jesus sees that His mother and the disciple have followed Him to His cross . They are firm witnesses of His love for humanity. He will start a dialogue with them, but before he uses words to address them, He starts a dialogue with the eyes.
In Luke: ” Father , forgive them, for they know not what they do” “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise (in response to one of the two thieves crucified next to him) ” Father , into your hands I commit my spirit” (last words)
According to the story, it was the dogwood tree that provided the wood used to build the cross on which Jesus was crucified. Because of its role in the crucifixion, it is said that God both cursed and blessed the tree.
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
—used to express solemn ratification (as of an expression of faith) or hearty approval (as of an assertion)
Cross , the principal symbol of the Christian religion, recalling the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ and the redeeming benefits of his Passion and death. The cross is thus a sign both of Christ himself and of the faith of Christians.
The essential uses of the name of God the Father in the New Testament are Theos (θεός the Greek term for God ), Kyrios (i.e. Lord in Greek) and Patēr (πατήρ i.e. Father in Greek). The Aramaic word “Abba” (אבא), meaning “Father” is used by Jesus in Mark 14:36 and also appears in Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6.
After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to the apostles and asked them for something to eat , to prove that he was alive bodily and not just a vision. They gave him a piece of broiled fish and he ate it. (Luke 24:42-43).
In the King James Version of the Bible , the last word is “Amen.” The last book of the Bible is the “Book of Revelation,” and the last verse is 22:21.
Simon’s act of carrying the cross , patibulum (crossbeam in Latin), for Jesus is the fifth or seventh of the Stations of the Cross . Some interpret the passage as indicating that Simon was chosen because he may have shown sympathy with Jesus. Mark 15:21 identifies Simon as “the father of Alexander and Rufus”.
The earliest Christians maintained that Jesus was a human being who was made God – a god – a divine being. Later they ended up saying that Jesus was born to the union of God and a mortal because the Holy Spirit came upon Mary and that’s how she conceived Jesus , so Jesus literally had God as his father.