In a very different way, the Gnostic Gospels put Jesus in the position of giving a secret knowledge (a “ gnosis ”) to some of his original disciples (the “ Gnostic disciples”) to pass it along to others in a secret way.
Gnostics were dualists and worshipped two (or more) gods; Christians were monists and worshipped one God. Gnostics focused on eradication of ignorance; Christian concern was the eradication of sin.
Viewing material existence as flawed or evil, Gnostic cosmogony generally presents a distinction between a supreme, hidden God and a malevolent lesser divinity (sometimes associated with the Yahweh of the Old Testament) who is responsible for creating the material universe.
Jesus ( c. 4 BC – AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity, the world’s largest religion.
Gnosticism in modern times includes a variety of contemporary religious movements, stemming from Gnostic ideas and systems from ancient Roman society. The Mandaeans are an ancient Gnostic sect still active in Iran and Iraq with small communities in other parts of the world.
The Gnostics were concerned with the basic questions of existence or “being-in-the-world” (Dasein)—that is: who we are (as human beings), where we have come from, and where we are heading, historically and spiritually (cf. Hans Jonas , The Gnostic Religion 1958, p. 334).
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म: “the Eternal Way “), which refers to the idea that its origins lie beyond human history, as revealed in the Hindu texts.
The discovery includes the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip and the Acts of Peter. None of these texts were included in the Bible , because the content didn’t conform to Christian doctrine, and they’re referred to as apocryphal. They tend to concentrate on things that one doesn’t read about in the Bible .
Christian theology received the Old Testament personification of Divine Wisdom (Septuagint Sophia , Vulgate Sapientia). The clearest form of the identification of Divine Wisdom with Christ comes in 1 Corinthians 1:17–2:13.
The Gnostic Gospels : The 52 texts discovered in Nag Hammadi, Egypt include ‘secret’ gospels poems and myths attributing to Jesus sayings and beliefs which are very different from the New Testament. Scholar Elaine Pagels explores these documents and their implications.
In accordance with the depictions of fallen angels in the Enochian writings, the archons incite passions to humans. Further, they both teach idolatry, sacrifices and bloodshed to enslave the Gnostics and trapping them in ignorance.
Gnosticism from its origins constituted a rival religion to both Judaism and Christianity. There were indeed Jewish Gnostics , and a bewildering array of Christian Gnostic sects, but there were also pagan Gnostics . Gnosticism was both a tendency within other religions, and an eclectic but authentic religion in itself.
Christianity originated with the ministry of Jesus , a Jewish teacher and healer who proclaimed the imminent kingdom of God and was crucified c. AD 30–33 in Jerusalem in the Roman province of Judea.
Islam shares a number of beliefs with Christianity. They share similar views on judgment, heaven, hell, spirits, angels, and a future resurrection. Jesus is acknowledged as a great prophet and respected by Muslims .
Jesus’ name in Hebrew was “ Yeshua ” which translates to English as Joshua . So how did we get the name “Jesus”?