In the year 36 C.E., both Caiaphas and Pilate were dismissed from office by Syrian governor, Vitellius, according to Jewish historian Josephus. It seems likely that the cause of their dismissal was growing public unhappiness with their close cooperation.
Unlike his predecessor, Valerius Gratus, Pilate retained the same high priest, Caiaphas , for his entire tenure. Caiaphas would be removed following Pilate’s own removal from the governorship. This indicates that Caiaphas and the priests of the Sadducee sect were reliable allies to Pilate .
Josephus (Antiquitates Judaicae 18.33–35) relates that Caiaphas became a high priest during a turbulent period. He also states that the proconsul Lucius Vitellius the Elder deposed Caiaphas (Antiquitates Judaicae 18.95–97).
Simon of Cyrene /saɪˈriːni/ (Hebrew: שמעון “Hearkening; listening”, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon , Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn ; Greek: Σίμων Κυρηναῖος , Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.
Following the arrest of Jesus , Peter denied knowing him three times , but after the third denial , heard the rooster crow and recalled the prediction as Jesus turned to look at him. Peter then began to cry bitterly.
Caiaphas then tried a different tack and asked Jesus flat out, “Are you the Messiah?” According to Mark, Jesus replied, “I am,” and then cited from the Book of Daniel and the Psalms: “You will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of ‘the Power,’ and ‘coming with the clouds of heaven’” (Psalms 110:1; Daniel 7:13-
Finally, the high priest said to Jesus “Tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God.” Jesus replied “So you say.” This was enough for the high priest to accuse Jesus of blasphemy. The high priest tore his own clothes to show his horror at hearing blasphemy – this was a custom among very self-righteous Jews.
LAWTON: According to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified at a spot outside Jerusalem called Golgotha, which in Aramaic means “place of the skull.” The Latin word for skull is calvaria, and in English many Christians refer to the site of the crucifixion as Calvary.
He was then ordered back to Rome to stand trial for cruelty and oppression, particularly on the charge that he had executed men without proper trial. According to Eusebius of Caesarea’s Ecclesiastical History, Pilate killed himself on orders from the emperor Caligula.
In this letter Pilate informs the Emperor of the circumstances of Jesus ‘ crucifixion. He had tried hard to save Jesus ‘ life from the fury of the Jews. He had even sent for reinforcements, 2000 men, to prevent the crucifixion – but the troops arrived too late.
King Herod . Herod ruled Judea from 37 BC. The Bible says he initiated a murder of all the infants in Bethlehem in an attempt to get rid of the baby Jesus.