Humphreys and Waddington therefore suggest a scenario where Jesus was crucified and died at 3pm on 3 April AD 33, followed by a red partial lunar eclipse at moonrise at 6.20pm observed by the Jewish population, and that Peter recalls this event when preaching the resurrection to the Jews (Acts of the Apostles 2:14–21).
There he was crucified along with two criminals (John 19:17 –22). Jesus agonized on the cross for six hours. During his last three hours on the cross, from noon to 3 pm , darkness fell over the whole land. Jesus spoke from the cross, quoting the messianic Psalm 22: “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
Jesus was crucified at 9.00am between two bandits. Mark records some unusual events which occurred during the crucifixion of Jesus : Darkness descended on the whole region even though it was the middle of the day ( 12 o clock ). Jesus cried out with a loud shout and died at 3 o ‘ clock .
Today, the calamitous day is celebrated as Good Friday . “That terrible Friday has been called Good Friday because it led to the Resurrection of Jesus and his victory over death and sin and the celebration of Easter , the very pinnacle of Christian celebrations,” the Huffington Post reported.
The Virgin Mary, pregnant with the son of God, would hence have given birth to Jesus nine months later on the winter solstice. From Rome, the Christ’s Nativity celebration spread to other Christian churches to the west and east, and soon most Christians were celebrating Christ’s birth on December 25.
Some apocryphal accounts state that at the time of her betrothal to Joseph, Mary was 12–14 years old . According to ancient Jewish custom, Mary could have been betrothed at about 12. Hyppolitus of Thebes says that Mary lived for 11 years after the death of her son Jesus, dying in 41 AD.
The Last Supper. The agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. The arrest of Jesus after his betrayal by Judas. The examination and condemnation of Jesus by the Jews.
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
And at the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi Eloi lama sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” This is the only saying which appears in more than one Gospel, and is a quote from Psalm 22:1 (or probably Psalm 42:9).
21 occurred during the crucifixion of Jesus Christ . A translation of the Gospel of Luke 23:44-45 in the New American Bible says so without qualification: “It was now about noon and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon because of an eclipse of the sun.”
Christian tradition holds that Gestas was on the cross to the left of Jesus and Dismas was on the cross to the right of Jesus. In Jacobus de Voragine’s Golden Legend, the name of the impenitent thief is given as Gesmas . The impenitent thief is sometimes referred to as the “bad thief ” in contrast to the good thief .
The naming of the celebration as “ Easter ” seems to go back to the name of a pre-Christian goddess in England, Eostre, who was celebrated at beginning of spring. The only reference to this goddess comes from the writings of the Venerable Bede, a British monk who lived in the late seventh and early eighth century.
Christians around the world observe Good Friday as the day when Jesus Christ died on the cross for humanity so that he could save them from their sins.
But Jesus chose to hold his Last Supper as a Passover meal according to an earlier Jewish calendar,” Prof Humphreys said. The Last Supper was therefore on Wednesday, 1 April AD33, according to the standard Julian calendar used by historians, he concluded.