During his lifetime, Jesus himself didn’t call himself God and didn’t consider himself God , and none of his disciples had any inkling at all that he was God . You do find Jesus calling himself God in the Gospel of John, or the last Gospel.
The essential uses of the name of God the Father in the New Testament are Theos (θεός the Greek term for God ), Kyrios (i.e. Lord in Greek) and Patēr (πατήρ i.e. Father in Greek). The Aramaic word “Abba” (אבא), meaning “Father” is used by Jesus in Mark 14:36 and also appears in Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6.
Instances of this in the Farewell Discourse are John 14:20 as Jesus addresses the disciples: “I am in my Father , and you in me, and I in you” and in John 17:22 as he prays to the Father : “I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one.”
As the Logos, Jesus Christ is God in self-revelation (Light) and redemption (Life). Jesus Christ not only gives God’s Word to us humans; he is the Word . The Logos is God , begotten and therefore distinguishable from the Father, but, being God , of the same substance (essence).
In Matthew 27:43, while Jesus hangs on the cross, the Jewish leaders mock him to ask God help, “for he said, I am the Son of God “, referring to the claim of Jesus to be the Son of God .
Jesus is recognized to be the Son of God on two separate occasions by a voice speaking from Heaven. Jesus is explicitly and implicitly described as the Son of God by himself and by various individuals who appear in the New Testament. Jesus is called ” son of God ,” while followers of Jesus are called, ” sons of God “.
Yahweh is the name of the God of the Bible. He is the God to whom Jesus prayed. Similarly, Jesus is an Anglicised version of a Greek version of the name Ιησούς, which, itself, in Hebrew is יהושע, commonly Joshua in English. So Jesus and Joshua are effectively the same name.
In the Bible, Yahweh is the one true God who creates the heavens and the earth and then chooses a certain people, the Israelites, as his own.
Mark records that Jesus used the term when praying in Gethsemane shortly before his death, saying: “ Abba , Father, all things are possible to you; remove this cup from me. Yet not what I want, but what you want.” (Mark 14:36) The two other occurrences are in Paul’s letters, at Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6.
In the Hebrew Bible (Exodus 3:14), Yahweh , the personal name of God, is revealed directly to Moses .
“The Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit” are not names for different parts of God , but one name for God because three persons exist in God as one entity. They cannot be separate from one another.
In John 15:26 Jesus says of the Holy Spirit : “But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness about me.”
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God , and the Word was God . John 1:1 opens the larger section sometimes described as the “Prologue to John” (John 1:1–18) which deals with Jesus, the “Word made flesh” who “dwelt among us” (John 1:14).
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
Matthew begins by calling Jesus the son of David , indicating his royal origin, and also son of Abraham, indicating that he was an Israelite; both are stock phrases, in which son means descendant, calling to mind the promises God made to David and to Abraham.
He is eternal and preeminent to all things. He was born into human form through the conception of the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary and walked the earth as both fully human and fully God . He lived a sinless life on earth, despite facing temptation, and was sacrificed on a cross for the sins of man .