The crucifixion of Jesus is central to Christianity , and the cross (sometimes depicting Jesus nailed to it) is the main religious symbol for many Christian churches.
Pontius Pilate , Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus , (died after 36 ce), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.
In apocryphal writings, the impenitent thief is given the name Gestas, which first appears in the Gospel of Nicodemus, while his companion is called Dismas. Christian tradition holds that Gestas was on the cross to the left of Jesus and Dismas was on the cross to the right of Jesus .
The Roman Catholic Church reveres Mary , the mother of Jesus, as “Queen of Heaven.” However, there are few biblical references to support the Catholic Marian dogmas — which include the Immaculate Conception, her perpetual virginity and her Assumption into heaven. This is why they are rejected by Protestants .
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
Jesus ‘ name in Hebrew was “Yeshua” which translates to English as Joshua.
Most scholars reckon Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33AD, so 1985-8 years ago. Seeing as we can assume Jesus was about 30 when he was baptised and began his ministry, we know he was over 30 when he was crucified.
The winding route from the former Antonia Fortress to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — a distance of about 600 metres (2,000 feet) — is a celebrated place of Christian pilgrimage. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions.
According to tradition, the Good Thief was crucified to Jesus ‘ right and the other thief was crucified to his left. For this reason, depictions of the crucifixion of Jesus often show Jesus ‘ head inclined to his right, showing his acceptance of the Good Thief .
Jewish tradition forbade burial within the walls of a city, and the Gospels specify that Jesus was buried outside of Jerusalem, near the site of his crucifixion on Golgotha (“the place of skulls”).
Jesus’ brothers and sisters The Gospel of Mark (6:3) and the Gospel of Matthew (13:55–56) mention James, Joseph/Joses, Judas/Jude and Simon as brothers of Jesus, the son of Mary . The same verses also mention unnamed sisters of Jesus.
But Mormons believe that we pray to the heavenly father, with Christ being our only intercessor. Without using her in that role, Mary no longer has grounds for worship , although retaining our reverence and gratitude.
This comes from two beliefs. The first belief, and the strongest, is that Protestants believe in a direct connection with God. No priest or saint needs to intervene or intercede with the Holy One. Veneration of the saints is for intercession between God and the saint on the person’s behalf.
Roman Catholic views of the Virgin Mary as refuge and advocate of sinners, protector from dangers and powerful intercessor with her Son, Jesus are expressed in prayers , artistic depictions, theology, and popular and devotional writings, as well as in the use of religious articles and images.