Jesus ( c. 4 BC – AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ , was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity, the world’s largest religion.
Jesus Christ is the designation of Jesus of Nazareth (d. c. 30 CE), who was an itinerant Jewish prophet from the Galilee in northern Israel. He preached the imminent intervention in human affairs by the God of the Jews , when God would establish his kingdom on earth.
Jesus rose from the dead to transform us, so that we can live out our baptism by dying and rising with Christ (Rom 6:4). This transformation begins with our worship each Sunday, the commemoration of Easter Day in word and sacrament, the day on which we acclaim Jesus as our ‘Lord and God’ (Jn 20:28-29).
Matthew begins by calling Jesus the son of David , indicating his royal origin, and also son of Abraham, indicating that he was an Israelite; both are stock phrases, in which son means descendant, calling to mind the promises God made to David and to Abraham.
Jesus’ name in Hebrew was “ Yeshua ” which translates to English as Joshua . So how did we get the name “Jesus”?
He is believed to be the Jewish messiah who is prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, which is called the Old Testament in Christianity. It is believed that through his Crucifixion and subsequent Resurrection, God offered humans salvation and eternal life, that Jesus died to atone for sin to make humanity right with God.
The Platonic Theory of Forms had an enormous influence on Hellenic Christian views of God. The Aristotelian view of God grew from these Platonic roots, arguing that God was the Infinite, or the Unmoved mover. Hellenic Christians and their medieval successors then applied this Form-based philosophy to the Christian God.
Hellenization , or Hellenism , refers to the spread of Greek culture that had begun after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century, B.C.E. The first, the conquest by Alexander, which brought Greek culture to the middle eastern territories.
The “low Christology” or “adoptionist Christology” is the belief “that God exalted Jesus to be his Son by raising him from the dead ,” thereby raising him to “divine status.”
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
The raising of Lazarus is a miracle of Jesus recounted only in the Gospel of John (John 11: 1–44 ) in the New Testament in which Jesus raises Lazarus of Bethany from the dead four days after his entombment.
In the New Testament, the genealogy of Jesus according to the Gospel of Luke traces Jesus ‘ lineage back to King David through the line of Nathan, which the Gospel of Matthew traces it through Solomon, the line of Joseph, his legal father.
Summary of Jesus ‘ life He was born to Joseph and Mary sometime between 6 bce and shortly before the death of Herod the Great (Matthew 2; Luke 1:5) in 4 bce. According to Matthew and Luke, however, Joseph was only legally his father .
There are six occasions mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew wherein persons call Jesus “the Son of David .” In each case the episode is associated with conflict between Jesus and the religious leaders of his day, and in each case there is also a reference to blindness.