So in his last words, Jesus was communicating that the work he came for was accomplished. The task of earning the salvation of the world was completed in his work on the cross . No more additions or adjustments were necessary – salvation was completed.
Jesus sees that His mother and the disciple have followed Him to His cross . They are firm witnesses of His love for humanity. He will start a dialogue with them, but before he uses words to address them, He starts a dialogue with the eyes.
“Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” Gospel of Luke 23:34. According to scholars, Jesus said this first word only in the Gospel of Luke, just after he was crucified by the soldiers on Golgotha, with the criminals—one to His right and the other to His left.
Eastern Christianity According to the sacred tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Church the True Cross was made from three different types of wood: cedar, pine and cypress.
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
On the cross Jesus said “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (Mark 15:34b). Jesus felt abandoned, forsaken, because He really was abandoned in fulfillment of the Scriptures. Jesus , who knew no sin, was made to be sin on behalf of all who would believe (2 Corinthians 5:21a). This transpired on the cross .
The essential uses of the name of God the Father in the New Testament are Theos (θεός the Greek term for God ), Kyrios (i.e. Lord in Greek) and Patēr (πατήρ i.e. Father in Greek). The Aramaic word “Abba” (אבא), meaning “Father” is used by Jesus in Mark 14:36 and also appears in Romans 8:15 and Galatians 4:6.
Jesus does not have a last name. Last names were not common in those times. Christ is not a name, but a title. Christ means “anointed” or “Messiah”, so Jesus became the “ Christ ” or “Messiah” when he got baptized at the age of 30.
After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to the apostles and asked them for something to eat , to prove that he was alive bodily and not just a vision. They gave him a piece of broiled fish and he ate it. (Luke 24:42-43).
In Mark 15: 25 crucifixion takes place at the third hour (9 a.m.) and Jesus’ death at the ninth hour (3 p.m.). However, in John 19:14 Jesus is still before Pilate at the sixth hour.
INRI is generally thought of to refer to “ Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum ,” meaning “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews,” but apparently there’s more.
Simon of Cyrene /saɪˈriːni/ (Hebrew: שמעון “Hearkening; listening”, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon , Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn ; Greek: Σίμων Κυρηναῖος , Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.
impressive was that of the True Cross (the cross upon which Jesus was crucified, found in September… when Heraclius triumphantly restored the True Cross to Jerusalem, whence the Persians had stolen it,… Sepulchre was destroyed and the True Cross carried to Ctesiphon.
Helena, later known as Flavia Julia Helena Augusta, mother of Constantine the Great, was credited after her death with having discovered the fragments of the Cross and the tomb in which Jesus was buried at Golgotha . Helena was born at Drepanum in Bithynia, later renamed after her Helenpolis, about the year 250.
During a crusade to the Holy Land, French King Louis IX bought what was venerated as Jesus’ Crown of Thorns. It is kept in Paris to this day, in the Notre-Dame Cathedral.