Luke writes that Jesus “called his disciples to him, and from them he chose twelve whom he also named apostles: Simon, whom he also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew; Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called the Zealot; Judas the son of James, and also
Apostle, (from Greek apostolos, “person sent”), any of the 12 disciples chosen by Jesus Christ . The term is sometimes also applied to others, especially Paul, who was converted to Christianity a few years after Jesus ‘ death.
According to the Gospels, the books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke the first two disciples were Peter and Andrew.
Following the arrest of Jesus , Peter denied knowing him three times , but after the third denial, heard the rooster crow and recalled the prediction as Jesus turned to look at him. Peter then began to cry bitterly. This final incident is known as the Repentance of Peter.
Saint Matthias , (flourished 1st century ad, Judaea; d. traditionally Colchis, Armenia; Western feast day February 24, Eastern feast day August 9), the disciple who, according to the biblical Acts of the Apostles 1:21–26, was chosen to replace Judas Iscariot after Judas betrayed Jesus .
Jesus called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority to drive out impure spirits and to heal every disease and sickness. He appointed twelve that they might be with him and that he might send them out to preach and to have authority to drive out demons.
According to both Jewish and Christian Dogma, the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy (the first five books of the Bible and the entirety of the Torah) were all written by Moses in about 1,300 B.C. There are a few issues with this, however, such as the lack of evidence that Moses ever existed
Using these methods, most scholars assume a date of birth between 6 and 4 BC, and that Jesus’ preaching began around AD 27–29 and lasted one to three years . They calculate the death of Jesus as having taken place between AD 30 and 36.
The Sermon is the longest continuous discourse of Jesus found in the New Testament and has been one of the most widely quoted elements of the Canonical Gospels. It includes some of the best- known teachings of Jesus , such as the Beatitudes, and the widely recited Lord’s Prayer.
During the life and ministry of Jesus in the 1st century AD, the apostles were his closest followers and became the primary teachers of the gospel message of Jesus .
Why did the Romans fear Jesus ? Jesus had many followers and was said to teach that God was greater than the emperor, and the Romans feared that He might lead an armed revolt against the government.
John 19:2-3 says “And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. The color Purple was that of royalty. They came up to him, saying, ‘Hail, King of the Jews!’
When Jesus was washing his disciple’s feet, Peter said, “No! You shall never wash my feet!” Then Jesus said, “Unless I wash you, you have no part with me.”
The ransom theory of atonement says that Christ liberated humanity from slavery to sin and Satan, and thus death, by giving his own life as a ransom sacrifice to Satan, swapping the life of the perfect ( Jesus ), for the lives of the imperfect (other humans).