Jesus was born circa 6 B.C. in Bethlehem. His mother, Mary, was a virgin who was betrothed to Joseph, a carpenter. Christians believe Jesus was born through Immaculate Conception. His lineage can be traced back to the house of David.
Control of Bethlehem passed from the Ottomans to the British at the end of World War I. Bethlehem came under Jordanian rule during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and was later captured by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War . Since the 1995 Oslo Accords, Bethlehem has been administered by the Palestinian Authority.
The town of Bethlehem of Judea, about six miles south of Jerusalem , has always been considered the birthplace of Jesus . According to the New Testament, Joseph and Mary were living in Bethlehem of Judea at the time of Jesus ‘ birth and later moved to Nazareth up north.
In the Bible the city is often referred to as Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem -Judah. An ancient settlement, it is possibly mentioned in the Amarna Letters (14th-century-bce diplomatic documents found at Tell el-Amarna, Egypt ), but the reading there is uncertain.
The date of birth of Jesus is not stated in the gospels or in any historical reference, but most theologians assume a year of birth between 6 and 4 BC.
By the fourth century, however, we find references to two dates that were widely recognized — and now also celebrated — as Jesus’ birthday: December 25 in the western Roman Empire and January 6 in the East (especially in Egypt and Asia Minor).
The cities of Bethlehem , Ramallah and Jericho see large numbers of tourists including on organised tours and there have been no recent reports of any serious incidents involving foreigners. It is advised you exercise a high degree of caution in East Jerusalem and on the following routes in the West Bank: Route No.
The Gospel of Luke starts with Joseph and a pregnant Mary in Galilee. They journey to Bethlehem in response to a census that the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus required for all the Jewish people. Since Joseph was a descendant of King David, Bethlehem was the hometown where he was required to register.
According to the Gospels, Jesus was a Jewish man born in Bethlehem and raised in the town of Nazareth , in Galilee (formerly Palestine, now northern Israel) during the first century A.D.
Herod , byname Herod the Great , Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 bce—died March/April, 4 bce, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and
Both of the gospels which describe the nativity of Jesus agree that he was born in Bethlehem and then later moved with his family to live in Nazareth. The Gospel of Matthew describes how Joseph, Mary, and Jesus went to Egypt to escape from Herod the Great’s slaughter of the baby boys in Bethlehem.
They reached Egypt after a 65 kilometers journey where they lived for three years until after the death of Herod in 4 B.C. when Joseph had a dream that it is safe to return to Israel. The family traveled to Nazareth which took them a journey of at least 170 kilometers.
According to Josephus, Herod ruled for 37 years, 34 of them after capturing Jerusalem.