A good starting point for determining the date of Christ Jesus ‘ date of birth is to look at the dates we have in the Bible surrounding the life of John the Baptist , who was Jesus’s older cousin. Jesus was 6 months younger than John the Baptist . We read about this in the first chapter of the Book of Luke.
John the Baptist , (born 1st decade bce, Judaea, Palestine, near Jerusalem— died 28–36 ce; feast day June 24), Jewish prophet of priestly origin who preached the imminence of God’s Final Judgment and baptized those who repented in self-preparation for it; he is revered in the Christian church as the forerunner of Jesus
The news of John’s death was brought to Jesus by the disciples of the Baptist . John’s last act towards Jesus had effectually united the two schools in the most intimate bonds. Jesus , fearing an increase of ill-will on the part of Antipas, took precautions and retired to the desert, where many people followed him.
Matthew records that when Jesus asked John to baptise him, John was reluctant to do so. This could be for the following reasons: baptism is for the forgiveness of sin, yet Jesus is God’s son and therefore sinless. Jesus is the greater person John has been telling people about, so John does not feel worthy to baptise
According to the New Testament, John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth were relatives. Some scholars maintain that John belonged to the Essenes, a semi-ascetic Judaic sect who expected a messiah and who practiced ritual baptism . John used baptism as the central symbol or sacrament of his pre-messianic movement.
Most scholars reckon Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33AD, so 1985-8 years ago. Seeing as we can assume Jesus was about 30 when he was baptised and began his ministry, we know he was over 30 when he was crucified.
For John , major themes include: eternal life, witness, life, Messiah, Jerusalem (Jewish identity), identity itself, and signs. Interestingly, there are zero parable in the gospel of John !
The Virgin Mary, pregnant with the son of God, would hence have given birth to Jesus nine months later on the winter solstice. From Rome, the Christ’s Nativity celebration spread to other Christian churches to the west and east, and soon most Christians were celebrating Christ’s birth on December 25 .
Some apocryphal accounts state that at the time of her betrothal to Joseph, Mary was 12–14 years old . According to ancient Jewish custom, Mary could have been betrothed at about 12. Hyppolitus of Thebes says that Mary lived for 11 years after the death of her son Jesus, dying in 41 AD.
When John heard in prison what Christ was doing, he sent his disciples to ask him, “Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else?” Jesus replied, “Go back and report to John what you hear and see: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are
James , along with the others named “brothers” of Jesus, are said by others to have been Jesus’ cousins. This is justified by the fact that cousins were also called “brothers” and “sisters” in Jesus’ native language, Aramaic, which, like Biblical Hebrew, does not contain a word for cousin.
After these things, Joseph of Arimathea , who was a disciple of Jesus, though a secret one because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission; so he came and removed his body.
Possibility #1: Jesus was baptized in order to identify with those he came to save. And Jesus knewthat he too must identify himself with this movement towards God” John’s baptism was part of the people’s turning from sin and turning toward God. Jesus wanted to identify with this turning.
After the baptism , the Synoptic gospels describe the temptation of Jesus , where Jesus withdrew to the Judean desert to fast for forty days and nights.
baptized in the name of Christ alone by “special dispensation.” (Whereas many modern scholars, by contrast, interpret the saying “in the name of Jesus Christ ” figuratively instead of literally in an attempt to reconcile the two conflicting passages [Acts 2:38 & Matt 28:19]).