According to tradition, St. Peter was crucified upside down because he felt unworthy to die in the same manner as Jesus Christ.
Longinus /ˌlɒnˈdʒaɪnəs/ is the name given to the unnamed Roman soldier who pierced the side of Jesus with a lance and who in medieval and some modern Christian traditions is described as a convert to Christianity. His name first appeared in the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus .
Undoubtedly, the most infamous crucifixion was the execution of Jesus of Nazareth , described in the Christian Bible as taking place in Jerusalem under Roman rule at the beginning of the Christian era (between A.D. 30 and 36).
According to tradition, the Good Thief was crucified to Jesus ‘ right and the other thief was crucified to his left. For this reason, depictions of the crucifixion of Jesus often show Jesus ‘ head inclined to his right, showing his acceptance of the Good Thief .
Jesus was crucified between two thieves in an attempt to degrade Jesus to a thief and a rebel. In short, Jesus took upon Himself the worst of everything (on the cross) as He was being substituted for the sins of humanity, so that all those who believe in Him can inherit all His richness!
To make sure that he was dead, a Roman soldier (named in extra-Biblical tradition as Longinus) stabbed him in the side. One of the soldiers pierced his side with a lance (λόγχη), and immediately there came out blood and water.
Holy Lance , also called Spear of Destiny or Spear of Longinus, a relic discovered in June 1098 during the First Crusade by Christian Crusaders at Antioch. It was said to be the lance that pierced the side of Christ at the Crucifixion.
For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
And at the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi Eloi lama sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” This is the only saying which appears in more than one Gospel, and is a quote from Psalm 22:1 (or probably Psalm 42:9).
Using these methods, most scholars assume a date of birth between 6 and 4 BC, and that Jesus ‘ preaching began around AD 27–29 and lasted one to three years. They calculate the death of Jesus as having taken place between AD 30 and 36.