Even though Aaron was the first high priest mentioned in the Book of Exodus, Louis Ginzberg in Legends of the Jews noted that in legends the first man that assumed the title of high priest of God is Enoch, who was succeeded by Methuselah, Lamech, Noah, Shem, Melchizedek, Abraham, Isaac and Levi.
Unlike his predecessor, Valerius Gratus, Pilate retained the same high priest, Caiaphas , for his entire tenure. Caiaphas would be removed following Pilate’s own removal from the governorship. This indicates that Caiaphas and the priests of the Sadducee sect were reliable allies to Pilate .
Herod Antipas , (born 21 bc—died ad 39), son of Herod I the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee and ruled throughout Jesus of Nazareth’s ministry. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.”
Simon of Cyrene /saɪˈriːni/ (Hebrew: שמעון “Hearkening; listening”, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon , Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn ; Greek: Σίμων Κυρηναῖος , Simōn Kyrēnaios) was the man compelled by the Romans to carry the cross of Jesus of Nazareth as Jesus was taken to his crucifixion, according to all three Synoptic Gospels.
Information about who served in that office diverges between the Bible , Josephus and the Seder ‘Olam Zuta. While Josephus and Seder ‘Olam Zuta each mention 18 high priests , the genealogy given in 1 Chronicles 6:3–15 gives twelve names, culminating in the last high priest Seriah, father of Jehozadak.
The priests were to officiate at many offerings under the Law of Moses, including the passover sacrifice, sin offering, guilt offering, release of the scapegoat, burnt offering, peace offering, heave offering, meal offering, dough offering, drink offering, incense offering, thank offering, etc., throughout the
God commissioned the Aaronide priests to distinguish the holy from the common and the clean from the unclean, and to teach the divine laws (the Torah) to the Israelites (Leviticus 10:10-11).
Association with the Messiah Melchizedek , as Jesus Christ , lives, preaches, dies and is resurrected, in a gnostic perspective. The Coming of the Son of God Melchizedek speaks of his return to bring peace, supported by God, and he is a priest-king who dispenses justice.
He was then ordered back to Rome to stand trial for cruelty and oppression, particularly on the charge that he had executed men without proper trial. According to Eusebius of Caesarea’s Ecclesiastical History, Pilate killed himself on orders from the emperor Caligula.
Hebrew was the language of scholars and the scriptures. But Jesus’s “everyday” spoken language would have been Aramaic . And it is Aramaic that most biblical scholars say he spoke in the Bible.
The Babylonians occupied Jerusalem in 586 B.C., destroyed the Temple, and sent the Jews into exile. Jesus was crucified in the city of Jerusalem around 30 A.D. The Romans destroyed the second Temple in 70 A.D. In 632 A.D., Muhammad, the Islamic prophet, died and was said to have ascended to heaven from Jerusalem .
Herod had planned to make the Magi tell him of the whereabouts of the Christ child. When he heard of the Magi’s change in course, he grew angry and tried to kill the infant messiah by killing all the young children in the area, an event known as the Massacre of the Innocents.
In Luke: “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do” “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise (in response to one of the two thieves crucified next to him) “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit” (last words)
Mary and Joseph traveled from Nazareth to Bethlehem in 5 B.C. before the birth of Jesus Christ. The family moved to Egypt after Joseph was told in a dream to flee to the now North African country to escape the command of Herod the Great to slaughter children in and around Bethlehem.