Known for: Caesar Augustus (63 BC – 14 AD) was the first Roman emperor and one of the most successful. He reigned for 45 years and was ruling at the time of Jesus Christ’s birth.
Pontius Pilate , Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus , (died after 36 ce), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.
The Roman administration of Palestine was directed from Caesarea. At the time of the birth of Jesus Palestine was ruled by the Roman vassal king Herod the Great , who was renowned for his great building projects and for his arbirtrary actions and ruthlessness, which towards the end of his rule became sheer paranoia.
David : born circa 1040, king of Judah around 1010, king of all Israel by about 1003, dead by 970, more or less. Jesus : born somewhere between 6 and 4 BC, dead in 30 or 33, if the crucifixion was on Friday.
One of the farthest corners of the Roman Empire , Judaea was a land of ancient traditions and religious fervor. Decades of Roman rule were causing ever more resentment. Jesus was born to a family from a village called Nazareth, near the Sea of Galilee.
They answered, ” Caesar’s ,” and he responded: “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s ; and unto God the things that are God’s”. The questioners were impressed. Matthew 22:22 states that they “marvelled” (ἐθαύμασαν); unable to trap him any further, and being satisfied with the answer, they went away.
In Christianity , Jesus is the Son of God and in many mainstream Christian denominations he is God the Son, the second Person in the Trinity. He is believed to be the Jewish messiah who is prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, which is called the Old Testament in Christianity .
Magi (/ˈmeɪdʒaɪ/; singular magus /ˈmeɪɡəs/; from Latin magus) were priests in Zoroastrianism and the earlier religions of the western Iranians. The earliest known use of the word magi is in the trilingual inscription written by Darius the Great , known as the Behistun Inscription.
Herod had planned to make the Magi tell him of the whereabouts of the Christ child. When he heard of the Magi’s change in course, he grew angry and tried to kill the infant messiah by killing all the young children in the area, an event known as the Massacre of the Innocents.
After Jesus was born, Wise Men came to look for Him, probably from an area which is now in either Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia the Yemen, or an area in what’s now southern Turkey, northern Syria. Although they are often called the ‘ Three Kings ‘, the Bible does not say how many there were , or that they were kings .
Matthew begins by calling Jesus the son of David, indicating his royal origin , and also son of Abraham, indicating that he was an Israelite; both are stock phrases, in which son means descendant, calling to mind the promises God made to David and to Abraham.
Jesus was considered a threat to the Roman Empire largely because of his being part of both Judean and Parthian royalty.
day of October 4004 BCE, according to the Julian calendar. The time from Adam to Noah, at the time of the flood, is 1,656 years . Add subsequent genealogies found in Genesis chapters 10 and 11 and then the time from Jesus to the present equals approximately 6,000 years .
Second Samuel 24 tells us that God was angry against David and incited the king to take a census , for which David was punished by a plague in the land.
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