At the time of the birth of Jesus Palestine was ruled by the Roman vassal king Herod the Great , who was renowned for his great building projects and for his arbirtrary actions and ruthlessness, which towards the end of his rule became sheer paranoia.
King Herod , sometimes called ” Herod the Great ” (circa 74 to 4 B.C.) was a king of Judea who ruled the territory with Roman approval.
Herod ruled Judea from 37 BC. The Bible says he initiated a murder of all the infants in Bethlehem in an attempt to get rid of the baby Jesus.
Herod had planned to make the Magi tell him of the whereabouts of the Christ child. When he heard of the Magi’s change in course, he grew angry and tried to kill the infant messiah by killing all the young children in the area, an event known as the Massacre of the Innocents.
The name Judaea is still used to describe approximately the same area in modern Israel .
3,000 to 2,500 B.C. — The city on the hills separating the fertile Mediterranean coastline of present-day Israel from the arid deserts of Arabia was first settled by pagan tribes in what was later known as the land of Canaan. The Bible says the last Canaanites to rule the city were the Jebusites.
The term was first used to denote the governor of any of the four tetrarchies into which Philip II of Macedon divided Thessaly in 342 bc—namely, Thessaliotis, Hestiaeotis, Pelasgiotis, and Phthiotis.
He is believed to be the Jewish messiah who is prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, which is called the Old Testament in Christianity. It is believed that through his Crucifixion and subsequent Resurrection, God offered humans salvation and eternal life, that Jesus died to atone for sin to make humanity right with God.
Pontius Pilate , Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus , (died after 36 ce ), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce ) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.
Summary of Jesus’ life He was born to Joseph and Mary sometime between 6 bce and shortly before the death of Herod the Great ( Matthew 2; Luke 1:5) in 4 bce. According to Matthew and Luke, however, Joseph was only legally his father.
They travelled by horse, camel, and elephant (respectively) to present the newborn baby Jesus with three symbolic gifts: gold, because Jesus was royalty as ” King of the Jews;” frankincense, which represented the baby’s holy nature as the Son of God; and myrrh to signify Jesus ‘ mortality.
Taking the narrative literally and judging from the estimated population of Bethlehem, the Catholic Encyclopedia (1907–12) more soberly suggested that these numbers were inflated, and that probably only between six and twenty children were killed in the town, with a dozen or so more in the surrounding areas.
When Herod the king had heard these things, he. That Herod should be troubled by the King of the Jews being born is not surprising. As an Edomite Herod was open to challenge from someone claiming to be the heir of King David, and the central theme of Matthew 1 is Jesus ‘ Davidic status.
Names Jesus . Emmanuel. Christ . Lord. Master. Logos (the Word) Son of God. Son of man.
That Jesus was swaddled and placed in a manger might hold. Swaddling was indeed wide spread in the Roman Empire. Babies were swaddled after their first bath for about the first six weeks of their lives, then slowly unpacked, with the right hand first to ensure right-handedness.