For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees , you hypocrites !
Pharisees and Sadducees come. to his baptism, he said unto. them, O generation of vipers , who hath warned you to flee.
The Pharisees asserted that God could and should be worshipped even away from the Temple and outside Jerusalem. To the Pharisees , worship consisted not in bloody sacrifices—the practice of the Temple priests—but in prayer and in the study of God’s law.
Pharisees – This name means ‘the separate ones’. They regarded themselves as morally superior to many in society – like tax collectors, Gentiles (non-Jews) and sinners. They liked to keep themselves ‘pure’ and separate from such people. Their main responsibility was to make sure that all the Jewish laws were kept.
Pharisees were members of a party that believed in resurrection and in following legal traditions that were ascribed not to the Bible but to “the traditions of the fathers.” Like the scribes, they were also well-known legal experts: hence the partial overlap of membership of the two groups.
The 613 commandments include “positive commandments”, to perform an act (mitzvot aseh), and “negative commandments”, to abstain from certain acts (mitzvot lo taaseh).
Possibility #1: Jesus was baptized in order to identify with those he came to save. And Jesus knewthat he too must identify himself with this movement towards God” John’s baptism was part of the people’s turning from sin and turning toward God. Jesus wanted to identify with this turning.
According to Josephus, whereas the Sadducees believed that people have total free will and the Essenes believed that all of a person’s life is predestined, the Pharisees believed that people have free will but that God also has foreknowledge of human destiny.
In the Christian gospels, the ministry of Jesus begins with his baptism in the countryside of Palestine and Transjordan, near the river Jordan by John the Baptist, and ends in Jerusalem, following the Last Supper with his disciples. In the later Judean ministry Jesus starts his final journey to Jerusalem through Judea.
Jesus portrays the Pharisees as impatient with outward, ritual observance of minutiae which made them look acceptable and virtuous outwardly but left the inner person unreformed. See also Letter and spirit of the law.
The Sadducees refused to go beyond the written Torah (first five books of the Bible) and thus, unlike the Pharisees , denied the immortality of the soul, bodily resurrection after death, and the existence of angelic spirits.
General. The Sadducees rejected the Oral Torah as proposed by the Pharisees. Rather, they saw the written Torah as the sole source of divine authority. The written law, in its depiction of the priesthood, corroborated the power and enforced the hegemony of the Sadducees in Judean society.
During the Second Temple Period, the Sadducees, High Priests, denied any particular existence of individuals after death because it wasn’t written in the Torah, while the Pharisees , ancestors of the rabbis, affirmed both bodily resurrection and immortality of the soul, most likely based on the influence of Hellenistic
Gentile , person who is not Jewish. The word stems from the Hebrew term goy, which means a “nation,” and was applied both to the Hebrews and to any other nation. The plural, goyim, especially with the definite article, ha-goyim, “the nations,” meant nations of the world that were not Hebrew .
He came to Jesus at night, sneaking off to see the man behind the miracles. He was a powerful Pharisee , a member of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish ruling council.