For them the death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to save humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very heart of the Christian faith. For Christians it is through Jesus’s death that people’s broken relationship with God is restored. This is known as the Atonement.
Pontius Pilate served as the prefect of Judaea from 26 to 36 A.D. He convicted Jesus of treason and declared that Jesus thought himself King of the Jews, and had Jesus crucified . Pilate died 39 A.D. The cause of his death remains a mystery.
Crucifixion was intended to be a gruesome spectacle: the most painful and humiliating death imaginable. It was used to punish slaves, pirates, and enemies of the state. According to Roman law, if a slave killed his or her master, all of the master’s slaves would be crucified as punishment.
Hebrews 9:12, 26 So by saying “it is finished ” Jesus was signaling to the Jewish world that there was no more need for sacrifices or temples because that his work brought ultimate fulfillment to what their sacrificial system foreshadowed. [Related: The Cross of Jesus and the Altar]
The Bible tells us that Jesus died and rose again not only so that we could receive forgiveness, but even more so, He died and rose again so that we might have life. It is through His death and resurrection that we receive life.
Pontius Pilate , Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus , (died after 36 ce ), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce ) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.
There is a tomb within the walls of the Sepulchre – you can actually go inside it! – which proves that at least part of the building was built upon a burial place (some people believe the tomb is that of Joseph of Arimathea, the dude who donated his own tomb to Christ ). The spot marked for the crucifixion is on a hill.
Golgotha , (Aramaic: “Skull,”) also called Calvary , (from Latin calva: “bald head,” or “skull”), skull-shaped hill in Jerusalem, the site of Jesus’ crucifixion. It is referred to in all four Gospels.
The winding route from the former Antonia Fortress to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — a distance of about 600 metres (2,000 feet) — is a celebrated place of Christian pilgrimage. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions.
Jesus ‘ cross was a stake bisected by a horizontal beam . The iconic image of the Christian cross tends to feature a central vertical beam transected by a perpendicular beam about a third of the way down.
The Roman emperor Constantine, a Christian, banned crucifixion in the 4th Century AD. More than 1,000 years later, however, it resurfaced as a way of killing Christians in Japan.
In Luke: ” Father , forgive them, for they know not what they do” “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise (in response to one of the two thieves crucified next to him) ” Father , into your hands I commit my spirit” (last words)
After his resurrection, Jesus sent eleven of them (minus Judas Iscariot, who by then had died ) by the Great Commission to spread his teachings to all nations. This event has been called the Dispersion of the Apostles . The period of early Christianity during the lifetimes of the apostles is called the Apostolic Age.
The name Jesus is derived from the Hebrew name Yeshua/Y’shua, which is based on the Semitic root y-š-ʕ (Hebrew: ישע), meaning “to deliver; to rescue.”